Online Sunday School. Galatians & James

Kerygma materials Review

PAUL AND WOMEN

While Paul says in Galatians 3, 38 “there is no longer male and female; for all of you are one in Christ Jesus.” Paul often receives much credit for male domination, misogyny, and intolerance of sexuality that has been present in the Christian church

I Corinthians 14 “33 . . . As in all the churches of the saints, 34 women should be silent in the churches. For they are not permitted to speak, but should be subordinate, as the law also says. 35 If there is anything they desire to know, let them ask their husbands at home. For it is shameful for a woman to speak in church. “

Ephesians 5 “22 Wives, be subject to your husbands as you are to the Lord. 23 For the husband is the head of the wife just as Christ is the head of the church, the body of which he is the Savior

1 Corinthians 7 “1 Now concerning the matters about which you wrote: “It is well for a man not to touch a woman . . . 7 I wish that all were as I myself am. But each has a particular gift from God, one having one kind and another a different kind. 8 To the unmarried and the widows I say that it is well for them to remain unmarried as I am. 9 But if they are not practicing self-control, they should marry. For it is better to marry than to be aflame with passion. 1 Timothy 2 “11 Let a woman learn in silence with full submission. 12 I permit no woman to teach or to have authority over a man; she is to keep silent.

However Paul often greets and celebrates women leaders in the churches he writes to.Paul often contrasts the “flesh” from the “spirit.” And sexual sins figure prominently in his list of wrongdoing.

However Paul’s views on the family life are more nuanced, with interdependence and equality between the sexes, than he is sometimes given credit for.

Paul often contrasts the “flesh” from the “spirit.” And sexual sins figure prominently in his list of wrongdoing.

However Paul’s views on the family life are more nuanced, with interdependence and equality between the sexes, than he is sometimes given credit for.

1 Corinthians 11 “8 Indeed, man was not made from woman, but woman from man. 9 Neither was man created for the sake of woman, but woman for the sake of man. 10 For this reason a woman ought to have a symbol of authority on her head, because of the angels. 11 Nevertheless, in the Lord woman is not independent of man or man independent of woman. 12 For just as woman came from man, so man comes through woman; but all things come from God.

In Galatians 3, 28 Paul says “there is no longer male and female; for all of you are one in Christ Jesus.” However gender roles continue to be controversial in many churches. The first woman ordained a teaching elder (minister) in a Presbyterian Church USA denomination was in 1956.

PAUL AND THE SPIRIT

Paul has numerous understandings of the Holy Spirit in his letters, including Galatians.

The words in Hebrew (ruach) and Greek (pnuema) translated “spirit” also are translated “wind” and “breath.” What connotations to these other terms carry in describing the spirit?

Paul often speaks of the Holy Spirit.

Galatians 4:6 And because you are children, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, “Abba! Father!”

Galatians 5:22; By contrast, the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, generosity, faithfulness,

Galatians 5:25; If we live by the Spirit, let us also be guided by the Spirit,Romans 5:5 … and hope does not disappoint us, because God’s love has been poured into our hearts through the Holy Spirit that has been given to us.

Romans 8:2; For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has set you free from the law of sin and of death.

Romans 14:17; For the kingdom of God is not food and drink but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.Romans 15:13; May the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, so that you may abound in hope by the power of the Holy Spirit.

1 Corinthians 6:19; Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, which you have from God, and that you are not your own?

Galatians 6 begins “Brothers and sisters, if someone is caught in a sin, you who live by the Spirit should restore that person gently. But watch yourselves, or you also may be tempted. 2 Carry each other’s burdens, and in this way you will fulfill the law of Christ. 3 If anyone thinks they are something when they are not, they deceive themselves. 4 Each one should test their own actions. Then they can take pride in themselves alone, without comparing themselves to someone else, 5 for each one should carry their own load. . . . 9 Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. 10 Therefore, as we have opportunity, let us do good to all people, especially to those who belong to the family of believers.”

Have you experienced the Holy Spirit in your life? How have you experienced it?

If the Holy Spirit is with us, are there also spirits of evil? Jesus is depicted as casting out evil spirits, in situations described in ways we today would attribute to diseases like epilepsy or mental illness. Mark , 1, 21-28; 5. 1-20; 7, 24-30; 9,14-29. The devil tempts Jesus with offers of spiritual and earthly power, the adversary (“hasatan” in Hebrew) harms Job to challenge God, and the snake persuades Eve and Adam to eat the forbidden fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil. The problem of evil remains a challenge for us to understand. Does evil come from inside people and choices they make? Is there an outside tempter that whispers figuratively or literally in our ears? Sometimes people experience fears of places or people where evil may happen, and this causes us to avoid them. In times when group evil seems unusually powerful in society, as in times when political movements for enslavement, genocide or other destruction are taking or holding power, is there a spiritual component?

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